Treatment + Prevention = Clarity.
Because the melanocytes of darker skin produce more melanin, hyperpigmentation tends to be more common in deeper skin tones. But dark spots and blotches can occur in all skin phototypes. The top cause: exposure to sun and light, including indoor lights, TV/stage lights and computer screens…and even heat from cooking, fireplaces and saunas.
Skin traumas like pimples and rashes, or even lasers or peels (or highly irritating medications like hydroquinone), can result in post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Other culprits include photo-allergens, hormones and even certain medications which can be photo-sensitizers (read more about common causes here: “Shining The Light On What Causes Dark Spots & Blotches“).
Effective treatment needs active tyrosinase inhibitors to prevent melanin over-production, plus a daily sunscreen tested for indoor lights and heat (why an Armada Post-Procedure Barrier Cream 50+ comes with all Illuminants+ Creams), as well as proper prevention (why we minimize or omit allergens in our active products and recommend allergen and photo-allergen-free products for everything else you use, from hair, body and bath care to makeup).
If you’re doing everything right and still have stubborn melasma or other hyperpigmentations, see a dermatologist to rule out other possible conditions like diabetes or a thyroid or endocrine problem, and ask about a photopatch test, which could reveal surprising causes of your hyperpigmentation.